Humanities in transition is the main theme of the 5th edition of ILYMUN, our world is indeed evolving, and this evolution concerns many if not every sector. Today the Science and Technology Committee had the honour of having two special guests come speak to them: Dr Paul PERRIN former urologist and professor, and Dr Claire CHABLOZ a Cystic Fibrosis expert. The leading issue was ‘Ethics in Science’.
“The ethic of science is science” - Dr PERRIN
In order to facilitate the task of the delegates our special guests explained what ‘Ethics in science’ consists of. They also outlined the fact that ethics in the medical world is something essential, as it is the pathway to decision-making. It is just a way of thinking when hard decisions need to be taken. The importance of science was also mentioned, indeed nowadays being a physician doesn’t only consist of being close to your patients, but it also consists of being rigorous, as Dr Perrin said “in a way there is less emotion and more science in medicine”. Dr Chabloz and Dr Perrin brought up the following challenges concerning ethics: there is not one single correct answer to ethical questions, and physicians have to deal with very diverse patients; the most important thing is to find the right treatment.
Then the physicians suggested a simulation where the delegates had to make ethical decisions at different levels. The first one was at the scale of their classroom, here is the situation: one of their classmates has cystic fibrosis. The delegates had to determine the parameters they were going to take into account, and with whom they were going to make the decision, and whether it was a good thing to talk about it to the other students. The second situation was at the scale of the headteacher: which decisions ishe/she going to take, which facilities need to be adapted for the student. Finally the last context was about the ethical decision a country’s government would have to make: can cystic fibrosis be considered as a handicap? As, if it is considered as one the consequences may or may not be beneficial for cystic fibrosis patients. This simulation had the purpose of making the delegates realise that indeed ethical questions are very complex and that their consequences can be life determining for patients.
“Ethics is the road that leads to the decision” - Dr CHABLOZ
If you are interested by this topic, watch the following video: