International Court of Justice

What is the ICJ ?

The International Court of Justice was created to act as a supreme
judicial authority within the United Nations. It ensures global justice and safeguards nations’ sovereignty by settling legal altercations presented to it by the Member States. It does so by considering previous treaties, international conventions and international law.

The ICJ at ILYMUN will help you view conflicts from a new perspective and will offer insight on international law and the proceedings of judicial cases. The ICJ is perfect for those interested in international relations, law or simply for those who want to try something new.

What is This Year’s Case ?

This year’s case is Egypt versus Ethiopia, in the conflict over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam.

The two teams of advocates will represent the following groups :

– Applicant party: Egypt

– Respondent party: Ethiopia

How Does the ICJ at ILYMUN Work ?

The International Court of Justice is composed of:

- The Presidency:

Two Presidents. This year they are represented by Helen Roka and Horia Barabas.

- The Advocacy:

An Applicant and a Respondent party, both represented by 2 advocates each.

- The Jurisdiction:

A court of 15-17 independent judges.

Both advocate parties hold opening speeches, to present both factual and legal evidence to the judges. The judges are given time to question the advocates.

Next, each advocate team presents two to four witnesses. (Witnesses are approved by the Presidents of the ICJ prior to the conference.) Advocates are given the opportunity to interview witnesses and then judges can also question the witnesses or pose questions to the advocates regarding witnesses.

Then advocates present closing statements. After this, the judges deliberate upon the information presented to them and compose a verdict expressing their judgment in the case.

How do Advocates and Judges Prepare for the ICJ ?

Advocates need to research the case and create a report (called a memorandum). They also suggest a list of 3-4 witnesses they would like to have at the trial. Finally, they create an evidence packet. The 2 parties collaborate together to create a stipulation. In sum, both teams prepare by*:

- Gathering evidence

- Bringing in “witnesses”

- Writing a stipulation, together

- Writing a memorandum

_*__unbiased help and guidance from Presidents as well as templates are provided._

The Presidents of the ICJ will work in partnership with the advocates to create and polish these documents and then share them with the opposing advocates and the judges and/or post them on the ILYMUN website for all to access.

Judges should read the documents shared and posted by the Presidents of the ICJ to become familiar with the case, the witnesses and the evidence. It is expected that judges will act without bias, be reflective and innovative.

Presidents of the ICJ will also guide the judges in their deliberation to help them evaluate legal documents and assure the quality of the final verdict.

How do I Sign Up for the ICJ ?

Delegates who want to apply to the ICJ should be confident in their level of English. Advocates in particular should be confident public speakers.

Due to the challenging nature and limited places for this committee we ask delegates to apply for a role in the ICJ, by submitting a letter of motivation which explains:

- Their previous MUN experiences

- What makes them interested and qualified for the role

Delegates should also state which role they prefer (judge or advocate) and if they are open to taking the alternative if they aren’t accepted for their first choice.

Send letters of application or any questions about the ICJ to:

[email protected]